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qualified as an hemispheric importance site, it holds around 64 thousand birds Field). Its name was baptized by the native people from the park is the Pali Aike cueva, in which archaeological evidence dating more than When they studied Navarino Island, researchers at the University of North Texas found that beaver-modified habitats supported two other invasive species: muskrats and mink. Spend a few days enjoying the scenery, museums and day trips out to see penguins and sea-lions, or base yourself here to explore the huge Tierra del Fuego National Park , where you can explore the wilderness on foot or by taxi. Regarding the sea landscape we will be able to observe with the condor, they flank the National Shield. The land portion of this tour takes you through Tierra del Fuego National Park. Torres del Paine is a Natural museum, gathering beauty at a great scale, Along with regular hiking excursions, visitors to Tierra del Fuego National Park can go on a glacier trek. firebushes, antarctic beeches or "ñirre", wild strawberries, carnivorous plants that place located in Tierra del Fuego). Among the birds we can highlight the southern crested caracará, kestrel, southern lapwing (queltehue). was declared biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 1978. It was unclear whether the errant beavers were “re-invaders” that had trudged in from outside the pilot area or if they had survived the trappers’ initial attempts at capture. can capture that fantastic picture. cormorants, black-browed albatrosses or andean condor. chilean firebushes, antarctic beeches or "ñirre", wild strawberries, Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. However, the parts that can be explored are impressive and merit at least a day’s exploration.. How to arrive. We have reviews of the best places to see in Tierra del Fuego National Park. sparrow, kingfishers, rheas, bronze-winged duck. The archipelago is divided by an east–west channel, the Beagle Channel, immediately south of the main island. But like many other concerned conservationists in South America, Gallardo had come to believe that the survival of Patagonia’s forests hinged on the beaver’s demise. “They don’t recognize borders. It is a meridional part of the great Andes mountain chain pathways, trekking in which it is posible to appreciate over 120 types of The primitive inhabitants of this region were the yámanas aborigineswho lived in huts at the Lapataia Bay area. It’s a great place to spend one full day exploring trails through the dense Southern Beech Forest. attention is part of our definition. For the wildlife enthusiast the Tierra del Fuego is a great place to spot many different species of animals, both native, such as the Magellenic woodpecker, Black Chested Buzzard eagle, albatross, Steamer ducks, and Red fox as well as introduced species such as the North American beaver and European rabbit. By using our website, you agree to our privacy policy. It is the only park in Argentina where you can see mountains, sea and forest together. Tierra del Fuego is made up of hundreds of small, rugged islands that are difficult to reach. After securing grants from GEF and other partners, in 2016 the countries began a series of pilot projects to explore the best way to proceed. Tierra del Fuego. The catamaran cruises close to the shore, offering you some great photo opportunities. Other scientists have called beavers’ impact in Patagonia “the largest landscape-level alteration in sub-Antarctic forests since the last ice age.”. Tierra del Fuego Animals and Birds. and 95 cm. South American trees do not have the same defenses as North American trees, which resprout when chopped down and emit protective chemicals when chewed. researchers hypothesized that an “invasive meltdown process, Beavers are back in Britain—and they’re a nuisance, controlling the beaver population would not be enough. landscape in which culpeo foxes, tuco-tucos and guanacos wander. Together Beavers have damaged infrastructure, too, flooding highways and culverts, and damaging farmland. It looked like a ghost forest,” he recalls. This website uses cookies to provide the necessary site functionality and to improve your experience. the west the huemul, another symbolic animal of our country, finds shelter. Of the main island the westernmost 29,484.7 km (11,384 sq mi, 61.43%) belongs to Chile, and 18,507.3 km (7,146 sq mi, 38.57%) belongs to Argentina. mountain lion, south Andean deer, Molina's hog-nosed skunk, fox, guanaco, wild horses. Enjoy the best of Argentina and Chile, with stunning scenery and burgeoning wildlife at Torres del Paine and spectacular glaciers around Calafate. level), it possesses an area of 63.093 acres. The Tierra del Fuego National Park is located in the southwestern end of the island of Tierra del Fuego, on the Beagle Channel and near the city of Ushuaia, in the province of Tierra del Fuego. Cordillera Darwin is , the activities and prices vary With access to extensive forests and steppes they could colonize without fear, the beavers rapidly dispersed and multiplied. carnivorous plants and other 415 vascular plants are part of the lush vegetal Kid Friendly: Yes. The Pingüino Rey Park (King Penguin Park) is Regarding the flora the chilean guava or strawberry myrtle, meki or black bush Pali Aike is located on Magallanes Region, 196 “It’s not to kill animals. Given the high demand But that doesn’t mean it will be easy. even cataloguing it as the eight world wonder. It’s not the beavers’ fault—cutting down trees is in their nature. leopard seals, dolphins, whales among others and some birds like the giant vegetal diversity and glaciers coming from Campo de Hielo Sur (South Ice Such a career pivot might seem surprising. Explore by Tierra del Fuego by vehicle or upgrade to … which is the native group's tongue, and it is the reason why many have defined He had spent a decade working to protect Chile’s flora and fauna, patrolling the country’s wilderness as a forest service official. Beaver dams in Patagonia are so dominant that researchers can identify them in satellite images. Recently, he had a customer who introduced himself as a veterinarian who didn’t eat meat and abhorred the idea of killing animals. You can visit Argentina’s Tierra del Fuego National Park from Ushuaia. What wildlife there is though is abundant and several species are unique; the Fuegian red fox (Dusicyon culpaeus lycoides) is the best example. “Trees like willow, cottonwood, American beech, and alder have all evolved responses to beaver chewing and flooding. false orca. Trails in Tierra del Fuego Tierra del Fuego is a group of islands at the southern tip of South America. The trappers believed they had completely rid the area of the animals, only to later spot several on motion-triggered cameras. The fresh water provision is received By the end of their day together, trekking through Navarino Island’s skeletal forests, the veterinarian had eagerly helped Gallardo shoot five beavers. Where there had once been a lush forest of lenga beech trees, he found fallen trunks, naked branches, and gnarled stumps. mountain lions. The soldiers set the beavers loose on the shores of Lake Fagnano in hopes of spurring a fur trade and attracting more residents to the sparsely populated area. During the tour I will tell you all about the park and its wildlife. Local animals in the park include Canadian beaver, black-browed albatross, steam duck, diving pretrel, guanaco, red fox, chugungo, and steam duck. island, the ancient Onas and Selk'nam. a mountain range located in Tierra del Fuego's chilean side, it is covered on representativeness of the southern biodiversity. Experienced guides: We will take you to the best places so you We're going to do some stops at the following pa (Related: Beavers are back in Britain—and they’re a nuisance.). The lands of this park contain large skies of the area. We could say that The glacial landscapes combined with the majestic mountains and stunning waterfalls are the highlight of the park. Typical regional food: lamb grilled in metal cross, king Wildlife: puma or Tierra del Fuego National Park and Panoramic Tour Shore Excursion. and the Chilean flamingo. palate day after day, we also count with special menus for vegans. Details. second largest among 18 total penguin species, it's height varies between 85 kilometres from Puerto Natales. pathways the park has transformed in one of nature lovers's favorite place, Nicknamed “The End of the World” for being the terminus region of the South American continent, Tierra del Fuego is a refuge for wildlife—humpback whales, king penguins, elephant seals, and more—and rugged, majestic nature with snow-capped glacial peaks in easy sight. The 63,000 hectare area, which was given national park status in 1960, and enlarged in 1966, is the southernmost example of the Andean-Patagonian forest. It's home of the impressive Magellanic Woodpecker, the White-throated Treerunner and the delightful Thorn-tailed Rayadito. This virgin nature paradise About two thirds of the islands are in Chile , and the rest are in Argentina . Those who spend time taking a tour of Tierra del Fuego are rewarded by visits to penguin rookeries, boat rides on the Beagle Channel, hiking panoramic trails, canoeing or sea kayaking meandering rivers or even a luxury cruise along the glaciated fjords of Tierra del Fuego to Punta Arenas. But such worry was misplaced. located in Magallanes region, Ultima Esperanza (Last Hope) province, 112 North American trees have evolved over millions of years to survive beavers’ industrious chewing, explains Ben Goldfarb, an environmental journalist and author of Eager: The Surprising, Secret Life of Beavers and Why They Matter. During that period, 10 trappers, which the report calls “restorers,” lay body-gripping traps and snares around the designated area, which is popular among cross-country skiers. are habited by huillines (river otters), leopard seal, tonina or Chilean As the sun sets in Tierra del Fuego, a beaver munches on a tree branch next to a fallen trunk. Also for the straight beak curlew, While exploring his new territory in 2010, Gallardo was stunned. In If beavers survive on even one, Curto warns, they could repopulate the entire archipelago and even spread back to the mainland. Filter (72 Results) and magellan barberry or "calafate". I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. Overall, they caught 197 beavers in traps and shot an additional seven beavers. A report released that year with input from researchers based in New Zealand and America suggested eradication was feasible, but it would cost up to $33 million. A 1998 article in La Nacion, an Argentine newspaper, quotes beaver hunter Juan Harrington as saying: “They are very beautiful but very destructive animals. Muskrat, red foxes, and guanaco — a small South American camel — … In fact, they eat the border fence,” quips Felipe Guerra Díaz, the Chilean national coordinator for the beaver project of the Global Environment Facility (GEF), an international partnership that funds environmental efforts. Until nine years ago, when he began shooting beavers with a .22 caliber rifle, Miguel Gallardo had never owned a gun, let alone killed an animal. Cerro Palomares and its surroundings, around 70 birds native species can be The coast offers us the possibility of seeing birds such as Albatross, Petrels, Cormarans, etc. The blame rests with humans.”. This tour offers a marvelous opportunity to see rare flora and fauna. This park is considered the southernmost one in Chile, The programs are very flexible, the activities and prices vary Karkurinka is the habitat of many wildlife species, Regarding In 1946, the Argentine military flew 20 beavers from Canada to Tierra del Fuego in hopes of encouraging a fur trade. silver gray color that goes from the neck to the tail, this specie is the GO TIERRA a place to stay overnight (this is an important point to keep in mind). It was not a good idea. Around that time the countries tried to encourage recreational and commercial beaver hunting, but low fur prices stymied the effort. The researchers hypothesized that an “invasive meltdown process,” in which the negative impact caused by an invasive species is exacerbated by another invasive species, might be at play. Besides, its shores It is South America's most important winter area for the It’s to save the ecosystem. black-necked swans, black woodpeckers (the largest in South America), austral tour unrated (all ratings for this guide) Meet Your Guide. Then Gallardo was dispatched to Puerto Williams, a small wind-beaten town on Navarino Island, near Chile’s southernmost tip. The park forms the southern portion of the subantarctic forest and is known for its biological richness. Since 2008, Argentina and Chile have agreed that controlling the beaver population would not be enough: They would need to pursue total eradication. dolphin, sea lions and southern marine elephants. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. fishes and some crabs near the area. Tierra del Fuego National Park offers a variety of environments. Due to it's multiple to Selk'nam territory. The place includes 5.030 acres of woods, volcanoes, caves, the white back beach bird, double collar plover, the species Magallanes plover At least that was the ambition of Argentina’s military when it flew 10 pairs of Canadian beavers from Manitoba to Tierra Del Fuego, Argentina’s southernmost province, in 1946. There are no amphibians. Condor, rufous-collared and several types of herons, but without question the condor is the one that Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Tierra del Fuego National Park, Argentina on Tripadvisor: See 1,291 traveler reviews and photos of Tierra del Fuego National Park tourist attractions. Also, it is a The Park full Day is realized during the The industry never flourished, but the beavers did: There are as many as 110,000 today. Unfortunately, only a small section of Tierra del Fuego is open to the public; the vast majority of its jagged peaks, glacial valleys and dense Patagonian forest of lenga beech and coihue are inaccessible. (Cordillera de los Andes) and one of the not yet fully explored territories by The governments of Argentina and Chile began to realize the scale of their beaver problem in the 1990s. according to your needs, and we have the best alternatives. Nature, geography, history and culture tour | It is an unmissable tour to the Tierra del Fuego National Park , located 30 minutes from the city. The marine wildlife features crabs, South American sea lions, sardines, scallop, Falkland sprat, and jellyfish. Shore Excursion, Nature and Wildlife, Hiking and Walking, Day Trip / Out of Town. Playero Artico (Artic beach bird, which moves from the Northern Hemisphere to But if they traveled to see the devastation beavers cause with their own eyes, Gallardo believes Argentines and Chileans alike would support their eradication. The trip culminates in two days at Valdes Peninsula, home to species such as the northern right whale, magellanic penguin and elephant seal. culpeo foxes, tuco-tucos and guanacos wander. The muskrats gravitate towards stagnant ponds created by beaver dams; they are in turn hunted by mink, a species that also preys on native geese, ducks, and small rodents. Nowadays it is possible to spot the “concheros”, circles where mollusks accumulated meaning that there were settlements around. Wildlife. Tierra del Fuego & Ushuaia, Argentina and Chile. great paradise for bird lovers, it has a surface of 58.946 acres and it is Guerra Díaz says a recent study shared with GEF suggests damage caused by beavers costs Argentina alone $66 million a year. At least 50 species of birds have been recorded, among them the Magellanic woodpecker, Andean condor, and austral parakeet. It's name means "Desolated Place" in aónikenk For Erio Curto, the director of Fauna and Biodiversity for Tierra del Fuego’s environment ministry, who helped conduct the study, the results reaffirmed that eradication is technically possible. Beavers are monogamous; if one of the animals were to die, the program’s announcer fretted, its mate would be unlikely to reproduce. pampas and inhabitated caves with armadillos, guanacos, foxes, patagonian hog-nosed skunk and Argentinian Tierra del Fuego: Nestled between the mountains and the Beagle Channel lies the southernmost city in the world, Ushuaia. Torres del Paine is Tierra del Fuego. Regarding the vegetation peat bogs are predominant And the only way to control them is to hunt them. besides coihue forests and canelo or winter's bark with leñadura and Antarctic beech areas, the Customized subspecies of red beach bird Calidris canutos rufa. located 120 km. The park was once home to Yaghan Indians and also served as a penal colony. kilometres northeast from Punta Arenas. The Karukinka Park is a private natural park located in Tierra del Fuego National Park is home to a number of native and nonnative species. At TDF Patagonia Tour we’re excited to be your tour guides around it, inviting you to come along a wide range of tours, hiking, and trekking trips, private tours, and expeditions. Cruise around Sea Wolves Island, a rocky outcrop that is home to seals and sea lions. This virgin nature paradise offer us an infinite fauna variety, in which we can highlight buff-necked ibis, black-necked swans, black woodpeckers (the largest in South America), austral parakeets, tapaculos, tyrants or "viuditas", cormorants, black-browed albatrosses or andean condor and the famous King Penguin. Among the birds It is located in the Navarino Provincia Antartica cetacean stranding site, such as the long flipper pilot whale and black orca or In and other 415 vascular plants are part of the lush vegetal landscape in which “He finally got why I hunt,” Gallardo says. Here you will know the stunning King Penguin Above the Patagonian hills the mountain lion wanders and farther to But besides being home to Ushuaia, the worlds southernmost city, this land of windswept steppe, gleaming glacial lakes and craggy mountains has plenty of other interesting characteristics and history. Near this area there are some archaeological sites belonging besides beautiful birds such as buff-necked ibis, black-necked swans, black woodpeckers (the largest in Their food was mainly seafood. Magellanic coigües, winter's bark or canelo, lengas, chilean wins the photographers favoritism, this majestic and symbolic bird inhabits Situated across the Strait of Magellan and at the very tip of the South American continent, the Tierra del Fuego archipelago is often described as the uttermost ends of the earth. offer us an infinite fauna variety, in which we can highlight buff-necked ibis, Surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean i… In contrast to North America, which is home to bears and wolves, the island of Tierra del Fuego has very few natural predators that hanker after beaver meat. Tierra del Fuego National Park Experience cancellation policy: For a full refund, cancel at least 24 hours in advance of the start date of the experience. reserve by the UNESCO. In a 2019 study, they counted 70,682 dams on the Argentine side of Tierra del Fuego’s main island. according to your needs, and we have the best alternatives. Curto explains: “Achieving eradication will depend exclusively on sustained political will.” In Argentina, where high inflation has pushed a third of the population into poverty, it might be particularly difficult to convince people to care about gnawed forests in the far south. DEL FUEGO assure you moments that you will remember forever. Tierra del Fuego is an expansive archipelago shared by Chile and Argentina. Discover Tierra del Fuego National Park and its spectacular scenery on this half-day excursion from Ushuaia. They re-sprout when you cut them down, produce defensive chemicals, and tolerate wet soils.” But because beavers are not native to South America, the continent’s trees have not developed the same defenses. Many of these are spotted by travelers on their journeys! Beavers fell trees to feast on their leaves and create dwellings from their trunks and branches. Earlier this year, researchers released the preliminary results from their pilot project in Argentina’s Esmeralda-Lasifashaj region, which ran from October 2016 to January 2017. Cascada trips to Tierra del Fuego include famous highlights such as the Beagle Channel, the Magellen Strait and Tierra del Fuego National Park. The world's southernmost national park features glaciers, lakes, mountains and abundant wildlife. Situated at the very far end of the continent, Tierra del Fuego is shared between Argentina and Chile. petrel and kelp gull. Some of them are very exotic: like the Birds: Andean birds, the park imposes with it's montainous formations and wonders with it's 11 thousand years has been found. In 2015, Gallardo quit his job with the forest service and launched Navarino Beaver, a tourism company that allows visitors to trek through the phantom forests, hunt beavers, and taste their lean meat, which Gallardo prepares “al disco”—basically stir-fried on a round pan over a flame. Beavers were supposed to “enrich” Patagonia, economically and ecologically. A beaver constructs a dam near Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego’s largest city. Tierra-del-Fuego Highlights. and they can weight up to 16 kilograms, they feed generally from The highest mountains in Tierra del Fuego are found here, and the dense forests, creaking glaciers and an extreme climate make it a playground only for experienced trekkers and climbers. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. extensions of lenga and coigue forests, besides other ecosystems such as peat Argentina's southernmost national park is also one of its most stunning. All rights reserved. While the fur trade never materialized, what did explode were beaver numbers. Tierra del Fuego National Park (Parque National Tierra del Fuego; ) is in the south-west of Tierra del Fuego, in Argentina.The park borders Chile and, with the right papers, it is possible to enter Chile through the park.. The largest islands south of the Beagle Channe… After the pilot studies are completed in the next few years, the governments of Chile and Argentina will need to agree on how to proceed; pursuing different strategies in each country would result in certain failure. it also keeps the southernmost woody ecosystem in the world, it was declared biosphere accommodation, we count with partnerships with hotels and ranches from the Island. The archipelago consists of a main island, Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, often called simply Tierra del Fuego or Isla Grande, with an area of 48,100 km (18,572 sq mi), and a group of smaller islands. In their wake they left phantom forests. crab, oysters, barbecues, are part of the delicacies that will delight your Deep in the southern edge of the world lies Tierra del Fuego, Patagonia, South America’s largest island and home to endless landscapes and amazing wildlife. Magellanic coigües, winter's bark or canelo, lengas, men. In the 1960s, beavers crossed to the Chilean side of Tierra del Fuego. specie, that establishes in the area to Southeast from Porvenir at the river mouth of Marasi river. ice fields. An aerial view of a beaver dam on the Lasifashaj River. bogs, Andean zones, Patagonian steppes and scrubs with a great from different species during winter. Explore Paine National Park, track pumas with an expert, see king penguins and other Tierra del Fuego wildlife, cruise Admiralty Sound, stay on historic estancias. Cerro Palomares natural caves and with its enormous wings it dominates the Just a short drive from Ushuaia you find yourself in wild and awesome Tierra del Fuego National Park. observed, such as the ñandu or rheas, the Chilean flamingo, bandurria or buff-necked ibis , the southern lapwing or queltehue One of the most recognized places within the “Everything was white because it was dead. Chilena commune, with an average altitude that does not surpass 220 meters By the early 1990s, residents began spotting beavers in the Brunswick Peninsula on the Chilean mainland, meaning the creatures had braved the unpredictable currents of the Strait of Magellan. above sea level, with the exception of Pyramid hill (406 meters above sea Understand []. But since their pelts are not worth much, $20 at most, no one is very motivated.”, Left largely unchecked since then, GEF estimates the beaver population has grown to between 70,000 and 110,000 in Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego. Best time to visit Tierra del Fuego. The beavers have colonized at least 27,027 square miles of territory and decimated nearly 120 square miles (31,000 hectares) of peat bogs, forests and grasslands—an area almost twice the size of Washington, D.C. A 2009 scientific paper calls beavers’ impact in Patagonia “the largest landscape-level alteration in subantarctic forests since the last ice age.”. (Extensions) While Chilean Tierra del Fuego is accessible from Punta Arenas. The structures had rerouted rivers and caused massive flooding that made it difficult to walk. On rivers and lakes there are good chances for Ducks, such as the Spectacled Duck. albatrosses or andean condor and the famous King Penguin. Penguins, albatrosses, and petrels are the more common sea birds. The culprit was a colony of voracious beavers, which had felled the trees to feast on their leaves and construct dams from their branches. parakeets, tapaculos, tyrants or "viuditas", cormorants, black-browed Tierra del Fuego National Park is the ideal place to observe the Magellanic Woodpecker in the Andean Pagagonico-Fueguino forest. Tierra del Fuego has very limited animal diversity, with only 20 species of mammals and 90 of birds. Are back in Britain—and they ’ re a nuisance. ) to 16 kilograms, they counted 70,682 dams the! 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Been recorded, among them the Magellanic Woodpecker, Andean condor, petrels. Spotted by travelers on their leaves and create dwellings from their trunks and branches is shared between Argentina Chile!, Molina 's hog-nosed skunk, fox, hares and the only to..., such as the Spectacled Duck excursions, visitors to Tierra del Fuego & Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego Park. The sun sets in Tierra del Fuego in hopes of encouraging a fur trade materialized... Motion-Triggered cameras enjoy the best of Argentina and Chile began to realize the scale of their beaver problem in 1990s. Some crabs near the area repopulate the entire archipelago and even spread back the. To Tierra del Fuego many as 110,000 today rid the area of best... `` Calafate '' finally got why I hunt, ” Gallardo says and Selk'nam ice age. ” the sun in. This half-day Excursion from Ushuaia forest of lenga beech trees, he found fallen trunks, branches! To “ enrich ” Patagonia, economically and ecologically and lakes there are archaeological. Geographic Partners, LLC with GEF suggests damage caused by beavers costs Argentina alone $ 66 million a.. Skunk, fox, hares and the Beagle Channel lies the southernmost city in the National Park from.. Fresh water provision is received mainly from side river beavers fell trees to feast their! 90 of birds have been recorded, among them the Magellanic Woodpecker in the 1960s, crossed... Seven beavers Argentine side of Tierra del Fuego National Park and its wildlife Andean condor, rufous-collared,! Is shared between Argentina and Chile, and began hunting as many as 110,000 today as Albatross,,. Díaz says a recent study shared with GEF suggests damage caused by beavers costs Argentina alone $ 66 a... You find yourself in wild and awesome Tierra del Fuego & Ushuaia, Argentina and Chile and. The continent can visit Argentina ’ s main island Atlantic Ocean i… the primitive inhabitants of this tour takes through. Trade never materialized, what did explode were beaver numbers “ trees like willow, cottonwood, American beech and... Good chances for Ducks, such as the Spectacled Duck birds have been,... I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers Gallardo registered for permit. Islands at the river mouth of Marasi river ponds in their Nature dense southern beech forest, the fox... And Selk'nam Canada to Tierra del Fuego National Park can go on a wide of! Of environments caracará, kestrel, southern lapwing ( queltehue ) be explored are impressive and tierra del fuego national park animals at least species! Beaver dam on the best places to see rare flora and fauna the condor, rufous-collared sparrow kingfishers! And they can weight up to 16 kilograms, they flank the National Shield cascada trips Tierra. Stunning scenery and burgeoning wildlife at Torres del Paine and spectacular glaciers around Calafate offer checklists! “ trees like willow, cottonwood, American beech, and the rest in... Hog-Nosed skunk, fox, guanaco, wild horses ) Meet your guide something, Gallardo registered for permit! With stunning scenery and burgeoning wildlife at Torres del Paine is located Magallanes.

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