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Donate!!!! Considered in some areas to be a 'stately' or 'royal' fish, it is, or once was, highly valued in many cultures and used only for special occasions or exclusively available to highly ranked members of Society. They also crush large chunks of dead coral rubble with peg-like teeth to feed on the burrowing mussels and worms. Only a few of these countries and territories have effective management measures in place to regulate the trade of the humphead. This species has no high population density by nature. Due to their thick lips and strong teeth, they have the unique ability to eat toxic species such as sea hares, boxfish, and crown-of-thorns starfish. It’s considered a luxury food, … HUMPHEAD WRASSE ENDANGERED!!! There are two main reasons that the humphead is going extinct: population and trade. The status of this species as a luxury food means that its market value is likely to increase as it becomes less readily available from the wild due to overfishing, thereby encouraging continued exploitation even as populations decline. He breaks whole corals to find potential prey: snails, shells and sea urchins. Humphead wrasse are known to survive for at least 30 years. Humphead Wrasse are endangered due to live reef food fish trade, also habitat loss and degradation last over fishing. That is why 50% of the Humphead Wrasse print will be donated to the WWF who is working to stop the exporting of this fish to give them and the coral reefs a better shot. Indeed, as far as we can tell, it is becoming increasingly uncommon. They are able to consume hard shelled like crustaceans through their teeth. The species is much sought after, particularly as a live export for the restaurant industry. The Humphead wrasse cannot yet be hatchery-reared at commercial levels, so all fish in trade are wild-caught. The humphead wrasse is classified as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and is currently listed as a U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service Species of Concern. Which can be invasive species, that with overpopulation will actually destroy coral reefs. Average Weight: over 400 pounds. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. The gentle humphead Wrasse is most often taken during the night by scuba divers with spear guns or poisoning, but is also taken by nets from boats. Today, the meat of this fish is sold in restaurants for a very high price. The large and slow adult Wrasse is usually tired of human activities, and often easy to catch by spear fishers in its den. Weighing up to 400 pounds with distinctive markings behind its eyes, the humphead wrasse is an endangered reef fish. Bigger reef fish such as sharks eat the humphead wrasse. The humphead is a naturally rare species because the species takes a long time … The problem with juvenile fisheries is that insufficient adults will remain in the future to replenish exploited populations (imagine removing all the children from our cities, where will the next generation come from?). "Weighing up to 200kg, this is the largest of all wrasse. Go to the website of WWF and donate to them, symbolically adopt an animal to support the Countries that even lightly fish the Humphead Wrasse in surrounding waters have reported 10 times fewer … The humphead wrasse is highly vulnerable to overfishing because it’s a valued luxury food as a part of the live reef fish trade predominant across Southeast Asia. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. It normally lives independently around coral reefs, but many gather together during the breeding season." Historically the Humphead wrasse was prized for its flavour and texture. Traditionally, the wrasse was fished by hook and line, hand spear (more recently by speargun using SCUBA, or diving tanks) or by trap, depending on fish size. Why is the humphead wrasse endangered and what is being done to protect it ? However, it will remain on our Species of Concern list and we will encourage research on the status of the species for use in future status reviews. Resources: WWF: Humphead Wrasse Get Involved! Who Cares Anyway? Indeed, most smaller, juvenile, fish are almost exclusively taken with cyanide. Both the shape of their bodies and their coloring change over the course of their lives. Fishery-dependent and trade-related data suggest a 10-fold or greater decline over the last 10 to 15 years in heavily exploited areas such as Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines. Though the creature, that lives up to thirty years, has about twenty-six more years to breed, give or take, their spawning sights are highly predictable. why is it endangered ? Larger fish may sometimes be taken at night from their resting places where they are easy targets for SCUBA divers. 2003). There are rarely more than 10 wrasses at one reef. Other common names include balaki (Ilokano), bankilan (Tag… The Humphead wrasse is a fish that lives in coral reefs. Now protected in many countries, most legal trade in the species is out of Indonesia and into Hong Kong where some fish are consumed and many transshipped to Mainland China. What Humphead Wrasse eat is one of the reasons they are so important to our planet. Despite its widespread distribution, adults of the species are nowhere particularly common, except in a few very well and long-protected areas. Aitutaki island has been identified as a KBA. With sumptuous, fleshy lips and a bulbous, protruding forehead, the humphead wrasse is an unforgettable fish. For example, though there is an export ban in the Maldives, the illegal export of humpheads still occurs in spite of the protection on the species. Napoleon fish are carnivorous and eat during the day. The humphead wrasse is the largest living member of the family Labridae. Humphead Wrasse are the most expensive and prized fish in the live reef fish trade, which poses a huge threat to the population. This species was the first reef fish used as food to be listed on the Convention on International Trade in Endangered species (CITES). Scientific name: Cheilinus undulatus DESCRIPTION: The humphead wrasse is a large fish with a highly developed head, a large mouth and thick, fleshy lips. Their habitat is in the east coast of Africa an the red sea, which is by Egypt and Saudi Arabia, they are a cool animal and you need to save them. More recently (1990s onwards) it has come to form an important part of the live reef food fish trade (LRFFT) centred in Southeast Asia, at times commanding over US$500 per kg at retail (e.g.

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